Pteridophyta: Salviniales

Marsileaceae - Water-clovers and pillworts

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011) Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983) The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria.

Roux, J.P. (2001) Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970) Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca

Description of the family

Small aquatic or semi-aquatic ferns, rooting in mud, with widely creeping, dichotomously branched rhizomes of indefinite growth. Fronds numerous, approximate to widely spaced, 1-pinnate with 2 pinna pairs in a clover-shaped cluster at the apex of a long, slender, cylindrical petiole or lamina lacking; veins dichotomously branched, anastomosing. Sporangia in closed sporocarps; sporocarps inserted on short stalks (pedicles)on the stipe (usually at the base), heterosporus.

Worldwide: 3 genera and c. 75 species worldwide, in arm-temperate and (sub)tropical regions.

Botswana: 1 genus and 13 taxa.

Marsilea ephippiocarpa

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Marsilea L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Marsileaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Marsileaceae
Flora of Malawi: Marsileaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Marsileaceae
Flora of Zambia: Marsileaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Marsileaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Marsileaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Botswana: Family page: Marsileaceae.
http://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=133, retrieved 14 December 2017

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