Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Apiales

Apiaceae - Carrot family

Umbelliferae

Cannon, J.F.M. (1978) Apiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4

Description of the family

Herbs, rarely shrubs or small trees (Heteromorpha and Steganotaenia). Stipules 0. Leaves alternate, usually compound, occasionally simple.

Flowers arranged in simple or more usually compound umbels, rarely whorled or capitate. In compound umbels, the scales at the base of the primary branches (rays) are called bracts while those at the base of the branches of the secondary (or partial) umbels (referred to as pedicels) are called bracteoles.

Petals 5, usually white, but sometimes yellowish, greenish, pinkish or rarely blue. Stamens 5. Styles 2, usually divergent, usually with a well-developed stylopodium. Ovary inferior, 2-locular. Fruit dry, consisting of two indehiscent carpels separated by a commissure; carpels adnate or suspended from an axis (carpophore) usually separating when ripe, usually prominently 5- or 9-ribbed.

Worldwide: 446 genera and 3,540 species, cosmopolitan, but occurring particularly in northern temperate areas and on mountains in the tropics.

Botswana: 6 genera and 11 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Apium L.Description
Centella L.Description
Deverra DC.Description
Heteromorpha Cham. & Schltdl.Description
Hydrocotyle L.Description
Steganotaenia Hochst.Description

Other sources of information about Apiaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Apiaceae
Flora of Malawi: Apiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Apiaceae
Flora of Zambia: Apiaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Apiaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Apiaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Apiaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Botswana: Family page: Apiaceae.
http://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=14, retrieved 15 December 2017

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