Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Gentianales

Gentianaceae - Gentian family

Paiva, J. & Nogueira, I. (1990) Gentianaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4)

Description of the family

Mostly annual, biennial or perennial herbs, rarely (Anthocleista only in our area) trees or shrubs. Stipules 0. Leaves simple, opposite (in ours). Inflorescence a cyme or raceme, sometimes flowers solitary, fasciculate or verticillate. Flowers bisexual (sometimes unisexual), actinomorphic, (rarely zygomorphic). Calyx tubular with (2-)4-5 or rarely 6-12 lobes. Corolla gamopetalous, 3-5(-16)-lobed. Stamens as many as corolla lobes. Ovary superior, 1- or 2-locular. Fruit usually a capsule, rarely a berry.

Worldwide: 89 genera and c.1200 species, ± cosmopolitan but mainly temperate and subtropical

Botswana: 4 genera and 8 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Chironia L.Description
Enicostema BlumeDescription
Pycnosphaera GilgDescription
Sebaea R. Br.Description

Other sources of information about Gentianaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Gentianaceae
Flora of Malawi: Gentianaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Gentianaceae
Flora of Zambia: Gentianaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gentianaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Gentianaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Gentianaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Botswana: Family page: Gentianaceae.
http://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=90, retrieved 15 December 2017

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